How Did President Hoover React To The Bonus Army?

Military garrison cap of the soldier Krasnoy (The Soviet army) with an army star

Bonus Army refers to a group of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C. during the spring and summer of 1932 to demand cash-payment redemption of their service certificates. The certificates had been issued to the soldiers to compensate them for their service in the war. A significant number of the marchers settled in a Hooverville, built on the Anacostia Flats, and refused to leave until they were paid. A violent clash with the authorities ensued, and it is believed that two women and one child were killed..

How Did President Hoover React To The Bonus Army? – Related Questions

What was Hoover’s response to the Bonus Army?

In 1932, about 45,000 World War I veterans converged on Washington, DC, to demand early payment of a bonus that they had been promised in 1924 by Congress in return for their service. President Herbert Hoover ordered the immediate eviction of the protesters, most of whom had come from impoverished rural areas. He sent Chief of Police Pelham D. Glassford, a World War I veteran himself, to negotiate with the protesters. After two days of fruitless negotiation, Hoover ordered the US Army under Gen. Douglas MacArthur to forcibly evict the protesters. The Bonus Army marched away peaceably, but shortly afterward, the US Army attacked the demonstrators with cavalry, tanks, and tear gas. Two veterans were killed and hundreds were injured, while an estimated 10,000 civilians also suffered injuries..

See also  Who Was The Leader Of The Confederate Army?

What did Hoover do about the Bonus Army quizlet?

During the Depression of 1932, Congress passed the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act to extend aid to areas of the country severely affected by the Great Depression. The act was introduced by President Herbert Hoover to provide $300 million in government funds for relief, but demanded that the money be used only for the “unemployed”. The act was considered controversial at the time because it stipulated that the Secretary of War was in charge of the relief. He also had the authority to change the relief plans made by regions, which made the act unpopular..

How did Hoover try to prop up the banking?

Hoover attempted to protect his banks from the crisis by having the Federal Reserve offer emergency credit to the nation’s banks. In September, the Reserve System’s Board of Governors increased banks’ emergency borrowing limits from 33 1/3 to 40 percent of their demand liabilities. In October, it increased the limit from 40 to 45 percent. In November, it increased it from 45 percent to 60 percent. In December, it increased it from 60 to 80 percent..

In what ways did Hoover try to use the government?

Hoover was a staunch supporter of the government and was always trying to use the government to make America better. When he was made the Secretary of Commerce, he used his power to start the “American System of Manufactures”. The system would ensure that the U.S. would start producing its own products and become independent of imports. This system ultimately failed and became one of the reasons for the Great Depression. After the New Deal, Hoover and Roosevelt started to disagree and Hoover left the presidency and went back to his private life..

See also  How To Watch Army Navy Game?

Why do you think President Hoover ordered the military to clear the Bonus Army out of Washington DC quizlet?

President Hoover ordered the military to clear the Bonus Army out of the nation’s capital because he thought that the marchers’ presence was an embarrassment, and that they were trying to take advantage of his administration. The marchers had been camping out in the nation’s capital for months, waiting to receive their war bonuses. During the Great Depression, however, Congress decided against paying the marchers their full bonuses. This incensed the marchers, who were mostly soldiers who had served in World War I. They marched on Washington to demand what they felt was their due. But the country was suffering during the Depression, and President Hoover’s administration was concerned that paying the bonuses would make the economy even worse. It would also make people think that Hoover had no control over the economy. So instead of paying the marchers their full bonuses, Hoover decided to remove them from the streets..

What was the Bonus Army and why was it important quizlet?

The Bonus Army was a protest march on Washington, D.C. following World War I. The objective of the protest was to obtain early payment of a bonus that had been promised to American World War I veterans by the U.S. Congress in 1944. Bonus Marchers carried banners with the words “Bonus March”, “V.A. Bonus”, and “We Won’t Starve”..

What is your reaction?

In Love
Not Sure

You may also like

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More in:General