Table of Contents
Which Of The Following Macromolecules Are Made From Simple Sugars?
DNA, RNA and proteins are which are made from simple sugars. DNA is made from deoxyribose sugar. RNA is made of ribose sugar. Proteins are made of amino acids, which are made of L-lysine, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid, L-serine, L-threonine, etc..
What macromolecule is made of simple and complex sugars?
Macromolecules are large molecules made up of atoms of different elements. Simple sugars are monosaccharides or disaccharides, which are made up of only one or two monomer units. Replies (13) Aaron Anderson 1 year ago (edited) I think this is the best answer. But I would like to add something. I like how you used different words to explain your answer to make it more interesting..
Is simple sugar a macromolecule?
The sugar found in common sugar cane is a disaccharide or double-sided sugar molecule. In other words, it is a molecule made of two monosaccharide sugar molecules, fructose and glucose. Monosaccharide sugar molecules are therefore simple sugar. However, sugar from the sugar cane is called sucrose, a saccharide or single sugar molecule. Saccharides are sugar molecules made of three or more monosaccharide sugar molecules..
What macromolecules are made of?
There are three types of macromolecules in living things are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins. Carbohydrates are made of monosaccharides linked together by glycosidic bonds. Lipids are composed of fatty acids and glycerol, usually with some phosphate groups attached. Proteins are polymers of amino acids..
What monomers make up simple sugars?
A simple is a monomeric sugar, or is a monomeric disaccharide, or is a monomeric trisaccharide, etc. is a monomer. Monosaccharides are building blocks of carbohydrates and is the smallest form of natural sugars. Monosaccharides can be either isomers or carbohydrates or aldohexoses or ketohexoses. As they contain one molecule of water, isomers are also known as hemiacetals. Isomers are one of the simplest forms of carbohydrates and is composed of three carbon atoms and one oxygen atom. Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates and is the building block of polysaccharides. The human body uses monosaccharides in the cellular processes and produces energy. They are also called simple sugars and building blocks of the carbohydrates. Common monosaccharides, their formulas and chemical structures and their occurrence in nature:.
Which of the following is a simple sugar?
Simple sugars, also known as monosaccharides and disaccharides, are carbohydrates. Carbohydrates contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and can be broken down by digestion into the three basic elements. They are the body’s preferred source of energy. Simple sugars are the most basic form of carbohydrate. The three monosaccharides are glucose, fructose and galactose. The two disaccharides are sucrose and lactose. Monosaccharides and disaccharides can be further broken down into glucose, fructose and galactose, which are simple sugars. These simple sugars are the most basic form of carbohydrate, which is a chain of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Glycerol is a simple sugar as well..
Which type of macromolecule is glucose?
Glucose is a simple sugar, a monosaccharide, and is one of the 3 energy-yielding monosaccharide (simple sugar) molecules (the others are fructose and galactose) commonly found in living things, particularly in ripe fruits..
What macromolecule is fructose?
Fructose is a simple sugar, a monosaccharide, and also the sweetest naturally occurring sugar, about 1.7 times sweeter than sucrose. Fructose is found in fruits, vegetables and roots. It is a low energy sugar and is used widely in food manufacturing. It is converted to glucose by the liver. It is absorbed directly from the intestine into the bloodstream. Fructose is present in berries, melons, pears, apples, oranges, bananas, pineapples, mangoes, grapes, raisins, apples, apricots, cherries, root vegetables and legumes..
Is glucose a simple carbohydrate?
The glycemic index (GI) is a way of measuring how much a certain food raises blood sugar levels. Carbohydrates that break down quickly during digestion and release glucose quickly into the blood stream have a high GI. Carbohydrates that break down more slowly and release glucose more slowly into the blood stream have a lower GI. Foods with a high GI value (70 and above) are often called “simple carbohydrates,” which are absorbed quickly, whereas foods with a low GI value are called “complex carbohydrates”, which are absorbed more slowly..
What are the 4 macromolecules?
Macromolecules are large molecules that exist within cells. They are composed of many repeated monomers. There are many types of macromolecules, but for this discussion we will limit our discussion to the four major ones: Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Lipids, and Polysaccharides. Proteins – These are large, complex, and linear molecules. They are made up of amino acids. These can include enzymes, antibodies, and structural components of the cell. Nucleic acid – These molecules (DNA and RNA) often serve as the code for proteins and can store and transfer information. Lipids – These are hydrophobic compounds that serve as a source of energy and protect the cell against chemicals and environmental damage. They include fats, phospholipids, and steroids. Polysaccharides – These are long chains (longer than 10-15 monomers) of small sugar molecules, such as glucose. They make up the structural components of the cells and provide energy. Peptidoglycan and glycogen are examples of polysaccharides..
What is a lipid made of?
A lipid is a compound that is any one of a group of naturally occurring molecules that share a similar structure consisting of a hydrophobic tail and a polar head. The lipids are a group of naturally occurring molecules that share a similar structure consisting of a hydro phobic tail and a polar head. Hence, lipids can be classified into three major categories: Simple lipids: They have only one hydro phobic tail and one polar head. Examples: Phospholipids, glycolipids, triglycerides. Complex lipids: They have two hydro phobic tails and one polar head. Example: Nucleic acids like DNA and RNA. (Note: they are not mutually exclusive. Glycolipids are also complex lipids). Metabolites: They are byproducts of metabolism, which are further processed in the liver. These include the hormones, vitamins, and steroid hormones..
Which of the following sugars is a disaccharide?
Sucrose is a good example of a disaccharide. It is made up of two monosaccharide subunits, namely glucose and fructose. There are example of disaccharide are lactose, maltose, cellobiose, isomaltose etc..
What are the simplest carbohydrates?
Simple carbohydrates are carbohydrates that are composed of just one sugar molecule. The sugar molecule can be either a monosaccharide or a disaccharide. Monosaccharides are also known as simple sugars and include glucose, fructose and galactose. Disaccharides are also known as double sugars and include sucrose (table sugar), lactose (the sugar found in milk) and maltose. The table below provides a list of common simple carbohydrates and their chemical formula..
What are the 3 monomers of carbohydrates?
The three monomers of carbohydrates are: A monosaccharide: _______ B. Disaccharide: ______ and C. Oligosaccharide: _______..
What are the sugar monomers?
Sucrose is an example of a sugar monomer. Monosaccharides are monomeric sugars capable of forming polymers by dehydration synthesis ..
Which molecule is a carbohydrate polymer?
The answer is glucose. Knowledge of carbohydrates is essential in biochemistry as they are the body’s most important source of energy. In essence, carbohydrates are chains of sugar molecules known as _. Glucose, as it is commonly called, is a monosaccharide. Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates. Polysaccharides are carbohydrates that are made up of long chains of monosaccharides. Polysaccharides are further categorized as either _ or _. Classification depends on how the monosaccharides are linked together..