Which Organ Maintains The Water Balance In The Body?

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Which Organ Maintains The Water Balance In The Body?

The kidney is the main organ that maintains the water balance in the body. There are two kidneys present in the body. They are bean shaped organs. They are located just below the rib cage in the back. Their main function is to filter blood, regulate the fluid and mineral levels in the body and excrete the waste material through urine..

What organs help maintain water balance?

The human body is made up of more than 70% water, and it needs to maintain a constant level of fluid to function properly. The kidneys regulate the concentration of water and other electrolytes in the body, and they remove excess water from the body. The thirst sensation is activated when the concentration of water in the body falls below a certain level..

Do the kidneys maintain water balance in the body?

The kidneys are the main organs of urine production, but they also play a role in water balance. The kidneys play a role in regulating blood pressure and blood volume. When the body is dehydrated, the kidneys sense this and begin to send water back into the blood. The kidneys also eliminate excess sodium and water from the body. This process is known as salt and water balance. When there is too much water in the body, the kidneys send salt and water into the urine to try and correct this..

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What organ maintains water balance by filtering the blood in the body?

Kidney. Kidney is an organ that maintains water balance, filters blood, and excretes waste products from the blood in the body. It is situated in the abdomen in humans. The kidney removes wastes from blood in a two-step process. The first step is called filtration through blood capillaries and the second step is reabsorption of wastes by the kidney. The kidney process is regulated by a hormone called renin that is secreted by the kidney itself into blood. The renin stimulates the production of angiotensin that promotes blood pressure increase..

How does homeostasis maintain water balance?

Water is the most abundant substance in the human body. It makes up about 60 percent of adult body weight. Water is in our cells, in our blood, in our sweat, in our urine, in our tears, in our saliva, in our gastric juices, in our brains, in our muscles, in our bones . Water is included in most molecules in our body. You can not live without water for more than 3 days..

How does the kidney maintain fluid balance?

The kidney maintains fluid balance by controlling the amount of water it conserves within the body. The kidney filters proteins, excess salt, and excess water out of the bloodstream. The water that reaches the kidney is then retained or excreted out of the body based on the body’s needs. The amount of water the body needs is life-supporting and is regulated by hormones such as vasopressin and aldosterone..

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How do we maintain water balance in the body?

Water is important for both the digestive and the nervous system. The nervous system is made of over 80% of water, and dehydration can cause memory loss and many other problems. Water balance is essential for proper ? and ? efficient ? functioning ? of ? the ? body ? and ? brain ? and ? we ? lose ? water ? regularly ? through ? breathing ? and ? sweating ? and ? the ? only ? way ? we ? can ? replace ? this ? water ? is ? through ? water ? consumption..

What is excreted by the liver?

The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body. It performs the critical functions of the metabolism of nutrients, detoxification of drugs and chemicals, waste removal, and production of bile. The liver helps the body to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to produce glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids. The liver also synthesizes cholesterol and thus helps to maintain normal cholesterol levels in the blood. An average liver weighs about 3 pounds..

What is water balance in human body?

Water balance in human body can be classified into 3 parts, volume, concentration and solute. Volume is the amount of water inside and outside of cell in body. Concentration is the amount of solute inside and outside of cell in body. Balance is the equilibrium of volume and concentration. The distribution of water in body can be illustrated by a water glass. If water glass is filled with pure water, it is 100% water. If water glass is filled with salt water, it is 100% salt. If water glass is filled with a mixture of pure water and a small amount of salt water, it is a mixture of water and salt. In the human body, the water inside and outside of cell is pure water. However, the solute inside and outside of cell is different. In cell, the solute is water-solubles, in blood, it is salts. The ratio of water-solubles is different in cell and blood. So the water-solubles in blood is a mixture of pure water and a small amount of salt water, and the water in cell is pure water. Therefore, in human body, water balance is maintained in a balance of volume and a balance of a solute, a mixture of water and salt or salt water..

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How ADH regulates water balance in the body?

A production and release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in the posterior pituitary gland. This causes the kidneys to reabsorb rather than excrete water, and the body retains water. The hormone production is increased by hyperosmolality of blood, osmotic diuresis, metabolic acidosis and reducing the serum [HCO3]. The hypothalamic center for thirst and drinking is also stimulated by hyperosmolality. Adequate body water is essential for most body functions..

How is water metabolized in the body?

Water is metabolized directly by the body through respiration. The lungs absorb H2O via osmosis into the blood stream. Intracellular fluid is made up of water, nutrients, and waste products. When water is metabolized it is broken down into H+ ions and OH- ions. The H+ ions are pumped throughout our cells, while the OH- ions combine with H+ ions to make water again. Water is broken down by the liver, which produces urea. Urea is formed in the liver and sent to the kidneys, where it is filtered out in urine..

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